Dr Zein Obagi

Zo Skin Health by Dr Zein Obagi

Zo Skin Health bridges the gap between therapeutic treatments and daily care

Our Vision

We are driven to the number one, physician dispensed skin health company in the world by delivering the most innovative and highly effective products available.

Our Mission

We develop and deliver innovative skincare solutions that optimize skin health based on the latest advances in skin therapy technologies, unique delivery systems, bioengineered complexes and exclusive formulations. By providing comprehensive skincare programs for physicians and their patients, we create a continuum between therapeutic treatments and daily care, allowing patients to experience continuously healthy skin regardless of their age, ethnicity or unique skin condition.

Your gut is your body’s nutritional gatekeeper that selects what to absorb from the
outside world. It selectively chooses to absorb nutrients from your food and rejects the toxins, old hormones, and bad things your body doesn’t want.

ZO Products are extremely powerful, medical grade products only available for purchase by our salon clients.

Innovative Programs.

ZO ® Skin Health Products by Dr Zein Obagi MD work from the inside out, activating and stimulating your skin’s cells to nourish, repair and maintain themselves.


Deeper lines and wrinkles, hyperpigmentation (age spots, sun damage) and thinning skin with reduced elasticity/firmness all require more aggressive treatment.

The Aggressive Anti-Aging program feature formulas with enzymes, a functional hydrator, and antioxidants containing a high concentration of retinol—a topical ingredient proven to mitigate the effects of both environmental and chronological skin aging.

Sensitive Skin.

The ZO®Skin Normalising System is a complete selection of products for red, sensitized skin. This system features Rozatrol®, a multi-modal treatment that helps to relieve the visible symptoms known to be associated with rosacea.

Designed to smooth skin and even skin texture, minimise oiliness, aid in strengthening the skin by keeping skin hydrated and helping to reduce redness.

Acne Control.

When skin doesn’t exfoliate as it should, dead cells build up on the skin’s surface and inside the pores. The dead skin cells then mix with trapped oil and the pores become clogged, resulting in blackheads and whiteheads.

The ZO Complexion Clearing Program features essential ingredients to help slow sebum activity and break down surface oils, while exfoliating dead skin cells to help repair surface damage, tighten pores and improve skin texture.


ACNE (Acne Vulgaris)

Is a long-term skin condition that occurs when dead skin cells & oil clog hair follicles.  Typical features of the condition include blackheads, or whiteheads, pimples, oily skin, and possible scarring.  It primarily affects skin with a relatively high number of oil glands, including the face, upper part of the chest, and the back.

Susceptibility to acne is primarily genetic in 80% of cases.   The roles diet & cigarette smoking in the condition are unclear, & neither cleanliness nor exposure to sunlight appear to play a part.  In both sexes, hormones called androgens appear to be part of the underlying mechanism by causing increased production of Sebum.  Another common factor is the excessive growth of the bacterium Cutibacterium acnes, which is present on the skin.  Possible secondary contributors include hormones, infections, diet & stress.

Our qualified staff offers professional, hygienic & gentle laser hair removal and waxing for the face and body.


At its core, all acne can be described as hormonal.  That’s because breakouts and blemishes happen when your body, over produces certain hormones that increase the production of sebum, an oily substance that your body needs to keep skin & hair moist.  

Regular sebum production is key to healthy, smooth skin, but when hormones cause your sebaceous glands to produce more than normal, the excess sebum can clog the pores & hair follicles & lead to acne.

Androgens are a group of hormones that are present in both men & women.  The primary androgens are testosterone and androstenedione.   Androgens are key contributors to your strength, energy levels & fitness, as well as sebum production.  Regardless to gender, testosterone is the most common reason why hormonal acne occurs.  It’s quite common for this increase in androgens to happen around menstrual cycles for women.


Polysystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a fairly, common condition, affecting up to 221% of Australian women.  It’s a hormonal disorder in women of childbearing age that can affect hormone levels and fertility.

One of the key features of PCOS is high levels of androgens in a women’s body that can often be linked to hormonal acne.   Some women with PCOS do not have hormonal abnormalities or acne problems & do not have problems with fertility.


For women, menopause is a natural part of life, and comes with a reduction in your body’s production of estrogen and other female reproductive hormones. For some women, these fluctuations can lead to an increase in hormonal acne breakouts.  That’s because your balance of androgens to estrogenic hormones has changed.


Fungal acne is spots caused by Malasseziz (formerly known as Pityrosporum) Malassezia are yeast that are naturally found on everyone’s skin.

Malassezia yeasts can grow in hair follicles, and cause inflammation of hair follicles.  This causes spots to develop, and this is referred to as fungal acne. Spots may have a whitehead of pus, just the same as in acne.

The medical name for fungal acne is Malassezia folliculitis.  Folliculitis means inflammation of hair follicles.

In fungal acne, the spots are red bumps (papules) or pustules (whiteheads) of similar size.  They occur in waves and can be very itchy – much more so than acne spots.

Fungal acne can occur anywhere on the body, but common locations are:

Forehead, temples, and frontal hair lines

Upper chest

Upper & mid-back

It is not always straight forward though as fungal acne can be present at the same time as acne.  Fungal acne may also cause closed comedones especially on the forehead.

Gut Health

How The Gut Works & How It Affects the Body

It’s never been more important to have a healthy gut. It can affect everything from
your immune system, to breathing, circulation, and even mental health! How it works is really complicated however. So, to make things easy we set our naturopath the challenge of simplifying it as much as possible.

Want to know how your gut works? Here is EVERYTHING you need to understand how it works, and how it affects your body.

How does the gut work?

1. It Digests Your Food.

Once food enters your mouth, it starts the process of digestion through your saliva,
stomach acid, bile, and digestive enzymes. This breaks the food down to free the
nutrients that your body uses to function.

2. It Absorbs Nutrients into Your Body.

Your gut is your body’s nutritional gatekeeper that selects what to absorb from the
outside world. It selectively chooses to absorb nutrients from your food and rejects the toxins, old hormones, and bad things your body doesn’t want.

3. It Houses Your Gut Microbiome.

The gut microbiome is made up of bacteria and plays a fundamental role in your
overall gut health. It not only influences how your gut feels, how well it gets rid of
waste and absorbs specific nutrients, it also detoxifies your body from hormones and toxins, supports a healthy immune system, influences your mood, and encourages healthy weight maintenance (to name a few).

4. It Dumps the Toxic Waste That Your Body Doesn’t Need.

All the old hormones, waste, toxins, and other things your body doesn’t require
anymore, need a safe way out of your body. The gut plays a critical role in removing
all the toxic waste effectively, and safely.


The hero ingredient and buzzword in skincare and supplements

Collagen has become a real hero ingredient and buzzword in skincare and supplements. Most of us have probably heard that from our twenties our natural collagen production declines (not a fun fact) so herein lies the key question/s – how do you get more? How do you maintain what you’ve got left? Do you need to drink it? Pop it in a pill? Lather it on? Isn’t collagen just protein? You wouldn’t be the only one that is a tad confused on the topic… 

First up, what is collagen?

The most abundant protein in the body, collagen gives the skin structure, strength and elasticity. Collagen is found all over the body, not just in your skin, it’s in your connective tissue, skeleton, eyes, blood vessels and more. It’s the glue that holds our whole bodies together. (literally the word Collagen is derived from the greek word Kolla which means glue, science is cool like that)

I imagine most of you are reading along because you are concerned about collagen and how it relates to your skin. 40% of our total body collagen is contained within our skin, in particular the dermis which is the second layer of skin (top layer is the epidermis which contains mostly keratinocytes) and it’s the collagen in this layer that gives our skin its structure and suppleness. As we age and collagen production decreases, our collagen also gets less flexible/ supple which is where we start to see more stubborn wrinkles (we might also start to feel this internally as joints stiffen etc … fun times)

Collagen is a type of protein, made up of amino acids.

If you are feeding your body the right combination of nutrients then it can maintain your body inside to out, which means as we age and natural collagen production declines, the body prioritises the collagen we do make for more internalised functions so we need to be consuming more protein as we age, and go through key life stages such as pregnancy, postpartum and menopause, which makes a clear case for supplementing collagen on top of a protein rich diet.

So what’s the best way to improve your collagen for skin health?

Dermatologists and health care practitioners  recommend that ingestible collagen and protein is the most effective option for supporting skin, slowing signs of ageing and promoting repair. Technology to support the topical application of collagen hasn’t led to effective results yet, so while we can layer on co-factor ingredients through our skin care such as Vitamin C, zinc and copper which can be absorbed through our skin or consumed through food to ensure we are able to synthesise collagen to effective levels.

It’s also super important to manage your UV exposure, blood glucose levels, alcohol and cigarette exposure as these are well known for their negative effects on collagen production.


To improve your body’s collagen production you need to focus on the following:

1. Eating enough protein


 The general rule of thumb is 1g per 1kg of body weight (ie. a 60kg person requires at least 60g of protein per day) with extra required for periods of illness, injury, ageing, pregnancy, breastfeeding and fitness requirements (this is where consulting with a health professional can ensure you are actually getting the right amount of protein to support your body)

2. Good Quality Collagen

Not all collagen and protein supplements are created equal. Collagen is great for overall well-being. It is found in tendons, ligaments, bones, tissues and organs.  So, you may experience support for your joints, bones, gut, eyes, and more.

Benefits – Can reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, improve skin moisture, elasticity, tone, and texture.  Can help protect against the damaging effects of oxidative stress, can increases collagen density and combat collagen breakdown to help maintain firmness.

Supports healthy, youthful – looking skin, hair, and nails.  Hydrolysed Collagen for Bioavaiabilty.

3. Best Collagen-Rich Foods

1. Bone Broth

Made by simmering the bones, tendons, ligaments and skin over a period of several days, bone broth is a great source of collagen, along with several important amino acids. Bone broth is also available in powder, bar or even capsule form for an easy collagen food supplement to add to your routine.

2. Spirulina

This type of algae is a great plant-based source of amino acids like glycine, which is a key component of collagen. Spirulina can be found in dried form at most health food stores and makes a great addition to green smoothies, desserts or juices.

3. Cod Fish

Like most other types of white fish, cod fish is jam-packed with amino acids, such as glycine and proline. It’s also high in essential nutrients, such as selenium, vitamin B6 and phosphorus.

4. Eggs

Eggs and egg whites, in particular, are some of the top collagen foods thanks to their content of the amino acids that make up collagen, including glycine and proline. Using the whole egg instead of just the egg whites can also supply a steady stream of healthy fats and high-quality protein.

5. Gelatin

Gelatin is a type of protein derived from collagen, which is why it’s considered one of the top collagen-rich foods available. Gelatin can be used in cooking and mixed into soups, stews or broths to bump up the nutritional value of your meal. Gelatin supplements are also widely available in sheet, granule or powder form. The internet is bursting with easy recipe options for using gelatin.

4. Top Collagen-Building Foods

In addition to eating a good variety of foods with collagen, you can also boost collagen production by incorporating a few key collagen-producing foods in your diet. These include: Leafy Green Vegetables, Pumpkin Seeds, Strawberries, Citrus Fruits and garlic are rich in a variety of micronutrients that contribute to collagen synthesis so work them into your meals and snacks where possible.

Our pick


Life Vantage True Science Liquid Collagen

(Contains 10 types of naturally derived collagen peptides)


SANAME – Superbone Broth

Broad Spectrum, Bioactive, Bioavailable. The way Bonebroths are meant to taste & feel.


ZO Daily Power Defence

ZO Wrinkle Texture Repair

ZO Growth Factor Serum

ZO Intense Eye Crème

ZO Growth Factor Serum


Voesh New York Collagen Hand Glove & Foot Sock


SPF Guide & Broad-spectrum

In terms of SPF numbers, we always recommend that you use a minimum of SPF 30 in the Australian sun.  A good cheat sheet is the following: SPF 15 blocks 93% of UVB rays, SPF 30 blocks 97% of UVB rays, and SPF 50 blocks 98% of UVB rays.   It’s important to remember a general SPF sunscreen does NOT protect you from the UVA and UV Brays unless it’s labelled as Broad Spectrum.  SPF (“Sun Protection Factor”) is only a measure of protection from the sun’s UVB rays.

Physical vs Chemical

The two types of sunscreen (physical and chemical) work similarly; Both absorb UV radiation to protect your skin, but physical sunscreen also reflects UV Lights. 


Physical/mineral filters scatter or reflect UV rays, as they sit on the surface of your skin, actively blocking UV rays.  They can feel a little heavy on the skin but are perfect for all skin types, including sensitive skin. Physical sunscreens protect the skin in exactly the way their name suggest: they create a physical barrier between your skin and the sun.  These products don’t absorb into the skin but remain on the surface.

Physical sunscreens are naturally broad-spectrum, protecting against both UVA and UVB rays.

The two most common physical sunscreen ingredients are titanium dioxide and zinc oxide.  Physical sunscreens have come a long way from the thick, white zinc smear we remember as kids, as modern formulations use zinc oxide and titanium dioxide in micronized form to yield a sheerer formula.


Chemical sunscreens penetrate the skin and absorb harmful UV rays before they can damage the epidermis.

 These products are typically fast absorbing, sheer, and lightweight.  Un fortunately, chemical sunscreens may cause sensitivity and irritation.

Chemical sunscreens such as avobenzone and homosalate essentially soak up UVA and UVB rays like a sponge.  But a single chemical is generally not enough to protect against both types of harmful rays.

Compound formulas are more likely to provide effective broad-spectrum protection but it’s important to note that because chemical sunscreens are often present in combinations of three or four in one product, they’re more likely to cause sensitivity than physical sunscreens.  Also important to note that some ingredients in some chemical sunscreen formulations have been found to be endocrine disruptors, which means they interfere with hormones, damaging to the thyroid and can cause allergic skin reactions.

 Vitamin D and Sunscreen

You can get adequate amounts of Vitamin D through your diet and just about 5-10 minutes in the sun each day while wearing sunscreen.  The Skin Cancer Foundation confirms that “clinical studies have never found that everyday sunscreen use, leads to vitamin D insufficiency” In fact, they’ve found the opposite:

“The prevailing studies show that people who use sunscreen daily can maintain their vitamin D levels.”  If your vitamin D levels are still low, you can speak to a naturopath about starting a supplement, but don’t skimp on sunscreen.

Sunscreen 7 Breakouts


Finding the right sunscreen to suit your skin can take some trial & error, due to the wide range in formulations.  If you think your current sunscreen is causing congestion or breakouts, your best opting for a physical sunscreen or one that’s specifically formulated for break-out prone skin.  We recommend a physical mineral sunscreen for sensitive skin types.

Friendly advice – one of the keys to a healthier skin that ages well is sunscreen


For anyone under 30, sun protection is the absolute best anti-ageing product you can use.  After 30, sunscreen should remain a lifelong habit to slow ageing and prevent sun damage.



Zo Skin Health Sunscreen + Primer SPF 15

Product Info

This duel-action sunscreen, with ZOX12R complex, protects against the damaging effects from UVA/UBB and IR-A rays, and from HEV light. Hydrates and doubles as a make-up primer for a smooth matte finish, diminishing skin imperfections.


*Exclusive 12- hour, time releaseZOX12r antioxidant complex, guards against photodamage.

*Provides daily multi-defense protection from UVA, UVB and high-energy visible (HEV) light.

*Can be used alone or worn under make-up for a more even, long-lasting application.


*Helps to smooth the skin and diminish the appearance of fine  lines.


Fleur De Mer SPF 50 Foundation Creme


2 Products in one provides very affordable and beautiful foundation creme with excellent coverage, a perfect matt finish and no oily texture and with a built in SPF 50 protection sunscreen.

Foundation crème which provide more than 50 times your normal sunburn protection.  They contain Broad Spectrum properties to filter out both UVA and UVB sun’s rays.

You are going to instantly look good when you choose from the 3 tinted, delightfully soft, sheer foundation cremes which conceal blemishes, pores and lines and transform your face with a healthy glow.

A clear, creamy untinted lotion is also available with Vitamin E.

Fleur de mer  Light

Fleur de mer  Soft Medium

Fleur de mer  Medium

Natural Clear Zinc Sunscreen SPF 30
3 Hrs water resistant, mineral- based zinc oxide, UVA and UVB Broad Spectrum, Reef and ocean friendly (Rosehip enriched) Vegan- Face & body cream.
Natural Tinted Sunscreen SPF 30
3 Hrs water resistant, mineral- based zinc oxide, UVA and UVB Broad Spectrum, Reef and ocean friendly (Natural & Organic Green Tea, Cucumber & Rosehip) 
Natural Clear Zinc Sunscreen SPF 50
4 Hrs water resistant, mineral- based zinc oxide, UVA and UVB Broad Spectrum, Reef and ocean friendly Vegan- Face & body cream. 
Natural Face Sunscreen SPF 50 Clear Zinc
2 Hrs water resistant jojoba enriched , UVA and UVB Broad Spectrum,  Fragrance Free, Vegan- Daily Zinc Cream 
Natural Zinc Stick SPF 50
UVA & UVB Broad Spectrum 4 Hrs Water Resistant 
Natural Zinc Stick Medium Tint SPF 50
UVA 7 UVB Broad Spectrum 4 Hrs Water resistant 


The meaning of Exfoliation

“The process of removing dead skin cells from the surface of the skin, in order to improve the appearance.” 

3 Types of Exfoliation

1. Physical Exfoliation

Physical exfoliation of the skin involves the use of granular scrub which when applied to the skin, physically buffs or abrades the skin’s surface & thereby removes dead skin cell build up.
2. Chemical Exfoliation

3. Mechanical Exfoliation


Can result in the development of “undergrowth” without regular exfoliation.  This is comprised of not only dead skin cells but also trapped dirt & oil, which can lead to ingrown hairs.  This can be particularly troublesome for those who produce more oil than average.


Exfoliating your skin aids in the production of collagen & elastin. YES!  you read it right.  Exfoliating will help your body produce more collagen & elastin, keeping your skin extra plump & ready to bounce back.  This makes exfoliating a great way to slow down or even help to delay the appearance of wrinkles.

Did you know that a baby’s skin replenishes itself completely every 14 days!  But by the age of 20 an adult takes a full 29 days to replenish.  With all that extra time, skin cells have a chance to dry out & lose luster resulting in dull lifeless appearance – unless you jump-start the skin renewal process by exfoliating.



Zo Skin Health Exfoliating Polish


Instantly smooths skin

Gently dissolves oil & removes dulling/clogging skin cells

Replenishes hydration & healthy lipids

Brightens skin

Magnesium cystals exfoliate dead skin cells to create smooth & even toned complexion

Key Ingredients

Ultra-fine magnesium oxide crystals

Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree leaf oil)

Glycerin, caprylic/caparie triglyceride

Tetrahexy ldecyl ascorbate


Zo Skin Health Dual-Action Scrub
Sloughs away skin clogging skin cells
Dissolves & removes excess oi8ls
Destroys acne – causing bacteria
Replenishes hydration
Reduces inflammation & neutralizers free radicals
Dual-action exfoliation helps remove dead cells & excess surface oil that can lead to clogged pores
Core Ingredients
Lactic acid, salicylic acid, synthetic wax, candelilla wax
Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree leaf oil)
Glycerin, sodium PCA


Pure Fiji Sugar Rub


This two-in -one exfoliating product is excellent for all over body use.  Fresh sugar cane crystals manually exfoliate while naturally occurring alpha hydroxis gently buff away ageing skin cells.  The deep moisturizing blend of oils nourish, moisturize skin leaving it glowingly healthy.  High antioxidants, vitamin A.B.C.E, Omega 3,6,7 and 9.

Key Ingredients

Cold pressed virgin coconut oil and dilo, macadamia and sikeci nut oil, raw sugarcane.

Infusions Available

Coconut, Mango, starfruit, Guava, Coconut Milk & honey, Orange Blossom, White Gingerlilly, Coconut Lime Blossom


Cell Well-being

Is your body



For Life?




Is your body sufficiently prepared

to resist environmental impacts?

A personalized epigenetic report can reveal

More of what your body really needs!

Redness and Rosacea

What is Rosacea and why does it occur?

Rosacea is a chronic condition in which skin is overly sensitive, often with visible blood vessels and raised bumps on the face and it usually means tiptoeing around anything that may trigger a flare-up.

Finding the right skincare routine (as well as managing lifestyle & environmental factors) can mean a lot of trial & error.

Rosacea is an inflammatory and immune-response related condition of the skin that can be caused by various triggers.  These triggers are often a combination of lifestyle and environmental factors that provoke inflammatory signals to the skin tissues and dilate the capillaries causing redness.  Common triggers include stress, extreme temperatures, spicy foods, fragrance, alcohol in skin care and alcoholic drinks.  Even hot showers can worsen symptoms.  Constant rubbing and friction (frequent mask wearing) can cause flare ups.

Both the innate and adaptive immune system are involved in the development of rosacea at a very early stage.  It seems that a compromised immune system triggers an inflammatory response inappropriately which can create patterns in the body and present more chronic symptoms over time.

When trying to resolve Rosacea it is essential to pay attention to what your triggers are and when your symptoms are heightened.

Internal factors include diet, organ function, histamine levels, internal heat and emotional stress.  This is where naturopathic support is highly beneficial to rosacea sufferers.

Stress has more than just emotional and mental effects, it causes biochemical reactions, most notably increased cortisol, which is our stress hormone and is actually inflammatory and impacts the skins’ ability to heal & repair.  Continually elevated cortisol levels break down elastin & collagen, resulting in impaired skin barrier function.



Zo Skin Normalising System
Gentle Cleanser
All Skin Types.  An effective glycerin & botanical blend that gently cleanses away oil & impurities. Leaving skin refreshed & hydrated.
Exfoliating Polish
Magnesium crystals exfoliate dead skin cells to create a clear, smooth & even tone complexion.
Oil Control Pads

For assistance with acne prevention, these oil control pads are formulated with2% salicylic acid to help clear acne, minimize surface oil & reduce the appearance of pores. 

Daily Power Defence

Designed to assist in diminishing lines & wrinkles, and address future damage, this antioxidant serum was designed to support the skin’s natural DNA repair process + help restore barrier function & skin health.


Assists with calming red, sensitized skin, this serum, with ZO-RRs2 complex, assists in reducing surface oil, so as to normalize skin and exfoliates to prevent signs of ageing.


Provides UVA/UVB, HEV and 1R-A protection. Offers firming peptide.  Doubles as a make-up primer with a universal tint.



For those who are well versed in the benefits of Vitamin A (retinoids/retinol), they tend to use it daily and sing its praises loudly! For those who don’t yet know where to start with Vitamin A, the world of skincare actives can be a tad overwhelming. We get it… but that’s what we’re here for, to cut through the noise and give you ‘easy to integrate’ advice and the products that deliver results.

So let’s go back to basics… What are retinoids/retinols? How do they work?

What are 3 forms of retinoids?

Retinol, retinyl palmitate and retinoic acid are all types of retinoids.

Retinoids are the group of vitamin A derivatives that have been proven, study after study, to unclog pores, stimulate collagen production and improve collagen density. The active ingredient that repairs photoaging and alleviates acne is retinoic acid.

When retinol is applied to the skin, it undergoes two conversions. First, it is converted to retinaldehyde and then to retinoic acid. Your skin is only able to use retinoids that are—or can be converted to—retinoic acid, because retinoic acid works by binding to retinoic acid receptors found on the outer membrane of cells.

On the acne-fighting front, it penetrates the sebaceous glands and reduces sebum (read: natural skin oils that can be in overdrive in acne prone skin) production by binding to sebocyte receptors. Its anti-inflammatory effects keep acne in check.

Vitamin A in skincare can be naturally derived or it can be a synthetic form procured in a lab, and depending on your skin type and skincare philosophy, both have their benefits.

Natural Vitamin A

Vitamin A is a naturally occurring phytochemical / nutrient and can be found in the foods we eat, most notably animal livers and eggs but for the vegetarians and squeamish among us you can simply select any red, orange, yellow fruits or vegetables and be assured it contains a healthy dose of Vitamin A – the compound beta carotene gives these foods their colour and is a precursor of Vitamin A.
Vitamin A in skincare can be naturally derived or it can be a synthetic form procured in a lab, and depending on your skin type and skincare philosophy, both have their benefits.

Benefits of Vitamin A

Restores the water, lipid & protein balance.  Restoring barrier function & reversing sensitivity

Induces superficial exfoliation by desquamation to promote cell turnover and improve overall skin texture

Improves a healthy keratinocyte maturation cycle by stimulating basal cell mitosis

Purges existing pigmentation to improve skin tone and complexion

Inhibits melanin by inhibiting the expression of tyrosinase


Stimulates fibroblasts to increase collagen & elastin production, improving skin firmness & elasticity & reducing the appearance of fine lines & wrinkles

Upregulates glycosaminoglycans improving natural hydration

Improves angiogenesis, maximizing the delivery of nutrients & the removal of waste material

Inhibits  collagen degradation through suppression of matrix metalloproteinasses